Grapevine Archive for November, 2015

Thu 26 Nov 2015

Finding the Perfect Mince Pie Wine

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We’ve often said that sweet wine is not just for Christmas, but it would be churlish to deny that there are many ways in which these wines come into their own during winter time.

You needn’t confine your accompanying food to sweetmeats, of course – a point well made by Janet Wynne Evans in her amazing new resource, Fresh Thoughts on Food for Sauternes and Barsac; but when thinking about what to drink with mince pies, a degree of sugar in the accompanying liquid becomes all but essential.

Finding the perfect mince pie wine is a daunting task, but your Society is keen to help at the time of year when these delicious morsels begin to be deployed more regularly!

Our Food and Wine Matcher offers a number of candidates by price range, of course, but a recent tasting gave us the opportunity to test the compatibility of three classic sweet wines with Lottie Shaw’s ‘Seriously Good’ Mince Pies (the chosen brand of our food buyer and whose pies are available in our Cellar Showroom this Christmas).

Mince pies tasting

Several members of the team tasted the pies alongside a trio of celebrated sweet wines: a Sauternes, a sweet sherry and a Vin Santo.

Wine 1: Sauternes

What: Half bottle of Château Raymond-Lafon, Sauternes 2010 (£13.50)

Where: Bordeaux, France

How: The wine is made from 80% semillon and 20% sauvignon blanc grapes, all affected by noble rot. The grapes are harvested one by one, ensuring only those with the right level of rot are selected, in between three and 10 successive pickings. The wine was then aged for three years in barrel.

Why: This particular Sauternes has been a huge hit with members having earned its stripes in our Wine Champions blind-tasting competition last year. Lusciously sweet but balanced with a seam of freshness, it seemed potentially a worthy foil for the bittersweet acidity of the mincemeat whilst carrying enough opulence to stand up to the pastry. There was, however, only one way to find out.

The verdict: Our tasters were unanimous in their approval of the wine on its own, but, crucially, not its affinity with the pies.

Harvesting noble-rot affected grapes in Sauternes is a painstaking task. The grapes for Raymond-Lafon are harvested one by one.Harvesting noble-rot affected grapes in Sauternes is a painstaking task. The grapes for Raymond-Lafon are harvested one by one.

‘A little too clean,’ said one, ‘something didn’t quite work’ another. It was clear that something was getting in the way of what looked on paper a promising union. An older vintage may have been a better bet, as these wines put on weight over many years and gain depth and body that could have fared better with the spiciness of the pies.

Compatibility: 6/10
Moving swiftly on…

Wine 2: Sweet Sherry

What: Half bottle of Williams & Humbert As You Like It Medium Sweet (£22)

Where: Jerez, Spain

How: Made from the palamino grape, this wine, like all amontillados, started life as a fino sherry but the protective layer of flor yeast was allowed to die off, exposing the wine to the air and imbuing a deeper colour and nuttier flavour. This delicious sweet wine was a rediscovery that came about as Williams & Humbert prepared for its big move to its new bodega. Before transporting their soleras to the new premises the cellarmaster was instructed to blend the different barrels to facilitate transport. However, one particular solera of 27 butts included wine that stood out head and shoulders above the others. It was bottled intact and untouched under the name ‘As You Like It’.

Why: Back in 2012, on this very blog, my colleague Paul Trelford mused on the ‘wow’ factor of this wine with mince pies. A shoo-in. Or so we thought…

As You Like It AmontilladoThe verdict: A wonderful wine and a much better candidate for the job than the Sauternes. David Mitchell, whose recent post on sherry has garnered a lot of interest from members, noted: ‘the wine has some nuttiness which goes well with the mincemeat.’ This was the main feather in As You Like It’s cap versus the previous wine.

Some, however, were less keen on the match. Though an intensely sweet wine, it finishes with a slightly dry appetising tang – no bad thing at all when sipped with cheese, for example, but for some this clashed a little with the sweetness of the pie. Nitpicking perhaps, but this remarkable sherry is perhaps better suited to blue cheese or a fresh-tasting frangipane tart than Lottie Shaw’s treats.

Compatibility: 8/10

Wine 3: Vin Santo

What: Half bottle of Vin Santo del Chianti Classico, Isole e Olena 2006; currently available in a gift set with cantucci biscuits for £39

Where: Chianti, Tuscany, Italy

How: Made from c60% malvasia del Chianti and 40% trebbiano Toscano (with a tiny smidgen of petit manseng), harvested by hand before being dried on reed trays and pressed. The thick must is added to small barrels containing a layer of the ‘mother’ Vin Santo left over from previous vintages, which starts fermentation. The barrel is sealed and left for eight years before bottling.

Why: We tend to sell this Chianti nectar with cantucci at Christmas as it’s a match made in Italophilie heaven; but the richness and fruitiness of the wine merited its inclusion in this trio to see how it went.

I’m very glad we did.

Paolo de Marchi of Isole e Olena, pictured earlier this year with his Vin Santo barrelsPaolo de Marchi of Isole e Olena, pictured earlier this year with his Vin Santo barrels.

The verdict: ‘I think it’s a dried fruit thing!’ said one taster, perfectly summing up a nigh-perfect match. The spice, rasiny and cinnamon flavours of the pies demanded something equally fulsome and spice infused, qualities this wine has in spades. The concentration and the spiciness bonded just perfectly, and every single taster voted it the best match of the three.

Compatibility: 9.5/10

Do you have a mince pie ‘staple’ wine? Have we been guilty of overlooking a wine that would have triumphed over even the Vin Santo? Do let us know…

Martin Brown
Digital Copywriter

You can find more festive matchmaking suggestions on our Practical Tips at Christmas page.

Categories : Miscellaneous
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Fri 20 Nov 2015

A Rhône Tasting In Paris

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Normally trade tastings in Paris are to be avoided. So often they are overcrowded with dozens if not hundreds of tasters packed into small spaces, pushing and shoving along with scribblers, sommeliers and merchants representing the dozens of small independent Parisian wine shops. But this was no ordinary tasting.

As for Paris, with all that has happened, it was not quite business as usual. The Tuesday felt more like a Sunday with maybe a few more frantic police cars about, and the Eurostar was maybe half full with so many business meetings put on hold or cancelled.

I walked from Pont Saint-Michel to the Avenue Montaigne and was struck by the beauty of the place. It felt good to back.

A busy tasting, and rightly soA busy tasting, and rightly so
The event itself, possibly a first, reunited a majority of producers from two neighbouring and complementary appellations, Cornas and Saint-Péray.

It was a rare opportunity to taste from practically every producer.

If nothing else it showed the increasing confidence that seems to be there. They are probably not the best-known appellations of the northern Rhône, lagging behind Crozes-Hermitage and Côte-Rôtie, but they make up for that with youthful enthusiasm and obvious talent.

The main town in the area is Valence and its growth has threatened the existence of both these appellations. Indeed Saint-Péray, now more a small town rather than a village, nearly did disappear under the concrete of developers. It took the concerted work of growers, negociants and the local co-op to keep it alive.

It probably explains some of the dynamism that clearly exists here. There is a real pioneering spirit which of course is essential here of all places: this is, after all, not an easy place to grown grapes. The cost of labour involved in these hillside vineyards, with their terracing and dry stone walls, is huge.

CornasCornas
Cornas
Of the two, Cornas is the better known, and the largest. With recent expansion, Cornas is now slightly larger than Hermitage but with twice as many growers and more of them are involved in making and selling wine. Cornas itself has a real village feel to it with the old buildings huddled around the church, mostly along the Grand Rue. The community is close knit and is mostly involved in wine in some way. The cemetery and war memorial are full of the same names.

Cornas still has the image of an old-fashioned, rustic wine with fearful tannins, a cross maybe between Rhône and Madiran or Cahors. The wines always needed keeping often at least ten years before they had softened enough. These were manly wines to go with manly dishes, invariably the result of a day’s shoot. But why should the wines of Cornas be any less elegant than Hermitage?

The reason is winemaking. It should be remembered that being a vigneron in Cornas was never considered a full-time occupation. Even today, there is often a day job as an electrician or mechanic. So there was never much time for cellar work and wines were left to fend for themselves. Wines were traditionally left on the skins for weeks, and the practice of removing stems was unheard of. Moreover, syrah here ripens well and quite naturally produces a wine with a good deal of tannin. The revolution came in the 1980s and 90s with growers like Alain Voge who were determined to change the style and that perception of rusticity.

Cornas is said to be granite and that is largely true, but in places there is some limestone mixed in, and some clay too, and these differences have an effect on the wine. There are also different expositions and more importantly still, wide differences in altitude. Many of the best producers have parcels in different plots.

Cornas: the main plots

• Saint-Pierre: altitude, freshness and elegance. Saint-Pierre and the heights above is where Cornas was extended (overextended some say as the grapes don’t always ripen, as was the case in 2013).

• Chaillots: northern slope. Steep with lots of old vines. Chalk mixed in with clay. Big structured wines for long-term keeping.

• Les Eygats: colour and structure, often with quite high acidity. Here too, the wines invariably need keeping.

• Reynards: a very well-exposed granite slope. Perfect exposition. Full-bodied wines, big ripeness levels.

• Southern slopes, including La Côte, Sabarotte and Patou: granite too but with clay. Weighty, fat wines, which are very rich and complex.

A few growers are making single-vineyard wines but most do not, preferring instead to achieve complexity by blending. It should be said too that vineyard holdings tend to be very small.

Saint-Péray
Effectively rescued from a building site, Saint-Péray has real potential to make exciting white wine.

Curiously its call to fame was sparkling wine, and indeed at one time these wines fetched better prices than Champagne. Richard Wagner was a fan: he wrote Parsifal while drinking it. Must have been a sizeable bottle!

The reputation suffered and quality tumbled, and other wines improved. The raison d’être was simple enough; the largely limestone soils were perfect for growing white grapes, and somehow the wines kept their freshness. Today less than 10% of Saint-Péray is sparkling though growers are keen to develop it. The rest is still. Made from marsanne, often on its own but sometimes with roussanne, the wines have Rhône-like flavours of honey and lemon, but with more grip.

THE TASTING

• Frank Balthazar: a nephew of the great Noël Verset. Good Chaillots here in an elegant style. Makes two wines: the first, from young vines, is of no interest but the old-vines Chaillots is different and we occasionally buy it.

• Domaine Mickaël Bourg: new to me. Mostly Saint-Pierre. Fairly elegant 2012. Quite good. Better than the frankly uninspiring Saint-Péray.

• Domaine Clape: traditional style. No destemming, so the wines are often a little austere when young. Two wines: Cuvée Renaissance is made from younger vines. The 2013 was a bit tetchy. The top wine, which has no cuvée name, also 2013, was quite splendid: thick and rich and wonderful. Tiny quantities, not enough for us sadly.

• Domaine du Coulet: new-wave Cornas and the antithesis of Clape. Expression of very ripe fruit. All destemmed. Very black, concentrated and ultra smooth. Would love to see how well the wine lasts. Certainly impressive.

Chapoutier: better known for Hermitage. Fairly modern approach to Cornas. Elegant and refined but maybe a little lacking in personality. A second cuvée, made in conjuncture with 3 Michelin star chef Anne-Sophie Pic seemed more rewarding with better length. I was less keen on the Saint-Péray, which seemed dull.

Domaine Courbis: generous yet stylish, these are all lovely wines in a modern style, polished and presentable. Champelrose is the entry-level wine and very good value; approachable when young. Lovely 2013 Les Eygats: tight, sinewy and dark. Needing time, especially the 2013. The 2012 Sabarotte was immense, plump and fat. Outstanding.

• Yves Cuilleron: to be honest, he is better known for Condrieu and Côte-Rôtie. Neither his Cornas or Saint-Péray seem to click.

• Durand: two very talented brothers, Eric and Joël. Lovely white which we don’t yet do, but made in small quantities. Two Cornas: ‘Les Prémices’ is a young-vines cuvée for the restaurant market. Very easy but probably not very Cornas like. ‘Les Empreintes is made with old vines from lots of small plots. Modern style, elegant yet concentrated. Brilliant value for money.

• Guy Farge: Saint-Péray was 90% roussanne but was 2013 vintage and maybe a little tired. Cornas from Reynards was pretty sound.

Ferraton: small house run by Chapoutier, but independent, and always impressive. Didn’t disappoint. Cornas blend called Grands Muriers was good. Single vineyard ‘Patou’ was stunning as was Les Eygats. White somewhat dull.

Paul Jaboulet Ainé: authoritative. Gorgeous Saint-Péray 2014: fine, bright and clean. Cornas 2011 was just perfect to drink now: soft and fleshy with a sweet, spicy finish. 1996 Saint-Pierre stole the show. Outstanding. Essence of truffle and spice. Lovely weight and length.

• Domaine Lionnet: related to Jean Lionnet and one of the Cornas families. Workmanlike Cornas in 2014 & 2013. Lacked finesse – hard act to follow after Jaboulet though!

• Leménicier: had always wanted to taste his wines but was frankly disappointed. Not helped by oxidised sample of 2014.

• Domaine des Lises: new to me. Grower from Pont-de-l’Isère so presumably also a Crozes producer. Disappointing. Not fine.

• Johann Michel: Saint-Péray based. Two Cornas wines: first is light and easy but not really interesting. Second, called ‘Jana’, altogether different and much more interesting: both 2014 & 2013 were brilliant. Weighty white which I liked less.

• Rémy Nodin: new to me – new guy and ex-Tain co-op member. Still learning and has some way to go yet.

• Julien Pilon: like Cuilleron, more of a Condrieu-based producer. I did not like his offerings from down here.

• François Villard: he too is better known for Condrieu but in this case his Saint-Péray were perfectly good, especially the rich and fat ‘Version’. Modern take on Cornas. Attractive but un-Cornas like maybe.

• Tain Co-operative: such a big player with so many aces up its sleeves and yet… The Saint-Péray was sound but no more than that and the Cornas from 2011 and 2013 vintages seem to suffer from excessive and unintegrated oak. Overall disappointing. But I know things are changing there so one lives in hope.

Nicolas Perrin: lovely Cornas. Modern style with poise but also depth. 2013 fab. Still learning about Saint-Péray and not there quite yet. Worth keeping a look out for.

• Laure Colombo: her father is enologist and negociant. She is talented grower in Saint-Péray and Cornas. White 2014 was floral and attractive. Cornas ‘Terres Brûlées’ is a blend with part Eygats and Chaillots. Gorgeous 2013. ‘La louvee’ is from well-exposed La Côte. Very impressive 2013. ‘Ruchets’ from Chaillots is the top wine and also very impressive. Lovely wines indeed.

• Dumien-Serrette: favourite grower with old vines, especially in Patou. Just the one wine, 2013 Cornas. A real joy: packed with blackcurrant fruit, full and complex, slightly wild and exuberant and untamed. Will need a few years yet.

• Vins de Vienne: a negociant company set up by Yves Cuilleron, François Villard and Pierre Gaillard. Has been in the doldrums but now back on form. Stunning Saint-Péray, especially ‘Bialères’, in a flattering, oaky style. ‘Archeveque’ oaky and needs time but very good. Cornas was sound enough.

Domaine Du Tunnel: this is named because there really is a disused railway tunnel on the estate in Saint-Péray which has now been converted into a spectacular and effective cellar. Spectacular for a railway enthusiast, that is! Stéphane Robert is the winemaker and owner of what is without doubt the top estate in Saint-Péray. He makes four wines from different ages of vine and different plots and including one full-flavoured cuvée of pure roussanne. The best wine is the Cuvée Prestige, made from 80% marsanne and 20% roussanne raised in barrel. It’s a wonderful wine, fine with clarity, precision and pleasure. The Cornas is equally polished and assured.

• Domaine Voge: Alain Voge was an important figurehead in the story of both appellations and was one of those who broke away from the past to create a modern style of wine. Alain has been unwell for some time and has taken a back seat leaving the running of his business to the very dynamic Alberic Mazoyer, who used to be chef de cave at Chapoutier. Brilliant wines across the range. Three Saint-Péray, the best coming from old vines and called ‘Fleur de Crussol’, and three Cornas: Vieille Fontaine is the top wine and only rarely produced. Cuvée Vieilles Vignes though is very impressive. Outstanding 2013 with 2014 also looking very promising.

There were a few absentees like Thierry Allemand, who very rarely ever leaves his vines.

But this was an exceptional tasting.

Marcel Orford-Williams
Society Buyer

• You can view our current range of Cornas and Saint-Péray wines on our website.

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Thu 19 Nov 2015

The American Dream

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Last week, ‘Explore USA’ – The Society’s first North American wine offer in five years – was launched.

Explore USA - The Wine Society

I really feel that American wine has turned a corner over the last five years. It used to be a country polarised with generally dull and slightly too sweet bulk wine at one end, and very expensive cult wine (often very good but often almost impossible to get hold of) at the other.

However, with the expansion of viticulture across Oregon and Washington, and growing trends towards balance, more restrained use of oak and a reduction in the grapes’ ‘hang time’ in the vineyard, some wonderful wines which offer true value are making their way across the pond.

The spread from last Thanksgiving when I visited my sister in New York.The spread from last Thanksgiving when I visited my sister in New York.
A few American favourites
Wines like Parker Station Pinot Noir (£11.50), Pedroncelli Cabernet Sauvignon (£9.95), and Peltier Ranch Chardonnay (£7.25) offer great ‘bang for buck.’

Broc Vine Starr Sonoma County Zinfandel (£25) Broc’s Zinfandel and L’Ecole’s No.41 Semillon (£13.50) show what more experimental winemaker can do, whilst Elk Cove Pinot Noir (£25) and Bergström Old Stones Oregon Chardonnay (£19.50) prove that fine wine from the USA doesn’t have to break the bank (this pair is high on my Christmas Day wishlist – both are great with turkey).

Zinfandel: the perfect winter wine
As the weather darkens too, the perfect fireside glass has to be a rich and juicy zinfandel – The Society’s own (£7.50) hits the spot well.

If you needed any other excuse to try something new from the USA this winter, on the 26th November you could always pour yourself a glass of something star spangled to toast Thanksgiving across the pond!

Sarah Knowles MW
Society Buyer

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Fri 13 Nov 2015

Three Days in the Douro and Beyond

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When thinking of the Douro Valley, most will picture the steep walled vineyards and famous port quintas perched precariously above the meandering river below.

Douro vineyards

But a surprise to me was the extent of this wine region; I hadn’t realised that as well as the principal valley with its terraces, there are so many tributaries and side valleys with high plateaux and rolling hills, and vines seemingly everywhere.

This region is vast. The Douro vineyard area is divided into three sub-zones, Baixo Corgo, Cima Corgo and Douro Superior and there are more than 40,000 hectares in total. Compare this, say, to the whole of the northern Rhône, made up of just 2,700 hectares.

Buyer Joanna Locke MW and I had just two nights and three days in December last year to travel the length and breadth of the valley and beyond. The main aim of the visit was to go and see our Exhibition Douro suppliers, Quinta do Vale Meão at Vila Nova de Foz Côa in the Upper Douro (read more about this here), but we were also going to make a side-trip to the rather forgotten region of Beira Interior to visit Rui Madeira, catch up Rita Ferreira Marquès of Conceito and visit some prospective suppliers in an area known as the Douro Verde – vinho verde’s southernmost enclave, and we were to discover, the home of the avesso grape.

Douro – no longer just about port
Despite the region’s long history of making wines, port has dominated the trade until relatively recently, but the Douro is building a reputation for its table wines, with estates like Vale Meão at the vanguard.

Quinta do Vale Meão's Francisco OlazabalQuinta do Vale Meão’s Francisco Olazabal

Douro table wine now accounts for 30% of sales from the region, compared to just 3% ten years ago. This proportion is growing all the time and with winemakers gaining better insight into the best grapes to grow where, quality is bound to improve, as Francisco Olazabal, winemaker and owner at Vale Meão says: ‘The best vintages are the most recent. Styles are changing, partly because of vintage differences and changes in weather patterns but also because we are getting to know our vineyards better and learning how to control alcohol levels better.’

Perhaps somewhat ironically it is the knowledge gained from site selection for table wines which is now feeding back into the production of port too.

Rui Madeira at Beyra Wines in the Beira Interior, on the other hand, wouldn’t change his field blends. His vineyards, some of Portugal’s highest, just 30kms from the Spanish border on the start of the meseta, are made up of very old vines, crucial for getting flavour and complexity into the wines.

Society buyer Jo Locke MW and Rui MadeiraSociety buyer Joanna Locke MW and Rui Madeira

The Beira Interior area is known for its whites. In the past the wine from this region was sent in bulk west to Bairrada – the high natural acidity made it perfect for use as the base for sparkling wine production. But Rui, whose family is originally from this region, could see the potential for making high-quality wines from the old vines grown on schist, granite, clay and quartz soils.

Rui was brought up in Lisbon but had a bad accident while at university and came back to the family home to recuperate. While he was convalescing he helped to make wine at his friend’s winery and became smitten with the idea of becoming a winemaker and realising the potential of his home turf. He made his first wine here in 1987. In 2011, after travelling and gaining experience in wineries around the world, he was drawn back and bought the Vermiosa winery from his friend, completely refurbishing it.

Heading back to the Douro from VermiosaHeading back to the Douro from Vermiosa

This area is quite desolate. Many have left and those that are left are poor so there is no market locally for the wine, neither is there workforce for the winery. Rui is the main winemaker but lives in Porto (like many we met), and his cellarmaster commutes over from the Douro.

Because this region is little known, Rui has made a point of putting a map showing exactly where they are on his labels. It was also his way of making the point that this region still has a connection with the mighty Douro river.

Beyra's labels feature maps to show exactly where the wines come from.Beyra’s labels feature maps to show exactly where the wines come from.

But it is the altitude and old vines (some as much as 120 years old) which make his wines really special. The freshness captured in the wines means that it isn’t just the whites that work well with fish as we were to discover when we retreated to a local rustic restaurant for lunch.

Hake, potatoes, eggs and greens washed down with the Beyra Tinto Beira Interior 2012Hake, potatoes, eggs and greens washed down with the Beyra Tinto Beira Interior 2012

Presenting a different face to the world
A common theme that came up with all those we spoke to was the need to make their mark on what is an already crowded market place. This is something that Rita Marques of Conceito has undoubtedly achieved with her dramatic-looking labels (Conceito means ‘concept’).

Conceito's distinctive labelsConceito’s distinctive labels

Rita is one of the new generation of winemakers. A protogée of Dirk Niepoort, she came back to the Douro in 2005 after travelling as far afield as South Africa and New Zealand learning her craft. After finishing her studies, Rita built a winery with the intention of making wines from vineyards owned by her mother and grandfather. Previously the grapes were sold on to producers so Rita is the first winemaker of the family.

Rita’s winemaking philosophy is quite straightforward: ‘You should always make wines that you like to drink.’ She then goes on to admit rather candidly that, at first, she didn’t like the Douro table wines finding them too heavy and powerful! But now she says that she loves them: ‘Wines are becoming more elegant… more people are making table wines in the Douro so we’re all getting to understand our region better and there’s more competition, so everyone’s improving.’

Rita del mundo! Rita still goes back to make wine in South Africa in February and Marlborough in MarchRita del mundo! Rita still goes back to make wine in South Africa in February and Marlborough in March

Returning to the theme at the start of this post, the land here is not what you’d immediately picture when thinking of the Douro. Despite the high altitude (300-400m), this is a land of gentle hills rolling down to the Teja valley, a tributary of the Douro. The mild micro-climate here means that grapes ripen more slowly here bringing freshness to the wines (her entry-level red Contraste, £11.95 per bottle and designed for early drinking, exemplifies this beautifully). And Rita is lucky enough to have access to some really old parcels of vines (the oldest around 80 years old with two hectares of pre-phylloxera vines at 600m).

From the Douro’s upland vineyards to the valley floor
Winding your way down from Rita’s winery to the valley floor of the Douro is an ear-popping, stomach-churning descent – even by night and despite the considerate driving!

Our next destination was in the southernmost vinho verde subzone of Baião, in what is called the Douro Verde and a stopover at Quinta de Guimarães to taste the fresh, nervy Cazas Novas wines based on the avesso grape.

Anyone for avesso?
Casas Novas AvessoI have to admit that I hadn’t heard of this grape before or realised that the vinho verde region came down as far as the Douro or this far inland. But as we were to discover, avesso is the grape of this area where it is increasingly bottled as a single varietal.

Quite unlike the other vinho verde grapes, avesso is low in acidity but is relatively high in potential alcohol and can have almost tropical-fruit like aromatics and a roundness to the flavour. To distinguish these wines from the more traditional vinhos verdes, the wines are often bottled in Burgundy bottles. Avesso in Portuguese, by the way, means ‘opposite’.

The avesso grape thrives in the warmer and drier climate here, planted as it is on south-facing slopes that run down to the Douro. Here the granite soils are also less fertile than those of the vinho verde subzones further north and west.

There’s a real excitement about this grape – and you can see why – it offers something a bit different while retaining that enticing freshness that makes all vinho verde attractive. Buyer Joanna Locke MW has shipped the 2014 vintage for members to try (£6.95 per bottle).

Cazas Novas has been in the hands of the Mourinho family for seven generations. Carlos Mouinho makes the wine in collaboration with Diogo Fonseca Lopes and winemaking super-stars Anselmo Mendes, and Vasco Magalhães. Carlos tells us that like many other families, they used to sell their grapes but noticed that the wines were winning awards and his father thought, ‘why not have a go ourselves?’

Carlos Mouinho of Cazas NovasCarlos Mourinho of Cazas Novas

Much to the delight of his father, Carlos has stepped up to the plate. His father meanwhile, looks after renting out their beautiful old manor house Quinta de Guimarães. The house, built in 1720 and with its own chapel (which Carlos informs us is typical of this style of property), is used for weddings, holiday lets and bed and breakfast. ‘It’s one way we can continue to keep these old houses going,’ says Carlos and it would make a lovely first spot to stay on a wine tour up the Douro.

More and more quintas are opening up their doors to visitors, so if you’re thinking of taking a trip up the Douro, I’d recommend spending more than three days and researching the possibilities of staying where the wine is made.

Joanna Goodman
Communications Editor

Categories : Other Europe, Port, Portugal
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Thu 12 Nov 2015

Snobbery or Science? Perceiving Flavours

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A common thought that crosses the minds of the vast majority of us at some point when tasting wine is:

‘Why can’t I smell these flavours that everyone else seems to be picking up?’

Flavour perceptionTasting and appreciating wines’ flavours can be fascinating, but it can also be a barrier for beginners. Wine is one of the most written about, analysed, and discussed of products, and has built up what seems like a language of its own to outsiders.

But we are all born with similar taste and smell receptors, so all have the potential to be able to be top tasters!

It’s not uncommon once you start to methodically taste, and try and pull specific flavours from a wine, for disappointment to strike when a flavour is picked up which may at the time seem way off compared to everyone else’s impressions of the same wine.

Do not fear: there is a science behind it!

When a cork is pulled, different aroma compounds, stereoisomers, are released by the alcohol in a wine. When these compounds hit the smell receptors in your nose they trigger your brain to match these to a smell it remembers.

As there are only a set amount of receptors, the compounds will hit these in a certain pattern, like Morse code, which your brain then identifies to recall the smell. Some compounds can be very similar and share comparable traits, such as honey and apricot, or more surprisingly cinnamon and bell pepper.

So it’s no surprise that flavours which may initially be thought of as polar opposites can become confused by the brain if it takes a shortcut to try to second guess the flavour.

This becomes even trickier when many of these aroma compounds are released at the same time, as they can trick the brain, muddling the flavour profiles. And with primary, secondary, and tertiary flavours thrown into the mix, it can create an in-depth and complex flavour profile for the brain to deal with.

The most important point to remember is that indulging in wine should be an enjoyable pursuit, and you shouldn’t to be disheartened if you can’t pick out certain flavours, because as with many a skill in life, practice makes perfect!

Thom Buzzard
Member Services Adviser

Categories : Miscellaneous
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Fri 06 Nov 2015

Food Without Fuss: Try This For Starters

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These recipes, while hopefully of use and interest to all, were written with the winter 2015 selections of The Society’s Wine Without Fuss subscription scheme particularly in mind. Wine Without Fuss offers regular selections of delicious wines with the minimum of fuss. Why not join the growing band of members who let their Society take the strain, and are regularly glad they do?

Find out more about Wine Without Fuss in a short video on our website.

Janet Wynne EvansJanet Wynne Evans
One of the joys of discovering an unfamiliar wine is sharing it with friends and fellow enthusiasts. In fact it’s more than some of us excitable types can do to let guests get their coats off, their breath back and their greetings out before leaping upon them, corkscrew at the ready and a fistful of glasses.

Please note, on a Health & Safety note, that I can’t exactly recommend the latter, if bear hugs are in order from dear friends one is glad to see, hasn’t seen for some time, or are rugby players. Enjoyable as it is, this kind of ‘cwtch’ as we call it in Wales can be shattering enough without extra shards.

At this most sociable time of year, this post is dedicated to the fun to be had from a Wine Without Fuss subscription. Each delivery is a selection, made by our buyers for members who like the convenience and element of exploration the scheme offers, from good, everyday stalwarts to classic French reds and whites. These will include some tried and trusted members’ favourites, but we also recognise the importance and popularity of a bit of exploration.

As such Wine Without Fuss subscribers often have first call on some of our discoveries. The current selections, for example, include a new Liberator, from the eponymous Smash ‘n Grabber’s raids on some of the Cape’s best cellars; white versions of two styles much better known for their red incarnations – Côtes du Rhône and Faugères; a Romanian red that is much easier on the palate than the tongue and a new Saumur blanc.

Having put them all these through their gastronomic paces, I strongly recommend the seasonal ‘Welcome’ mats below. Christmas can rarely be completely fuss-free, but it’s good to have a few practical, make-ahead ideas in the bank, even as frightening amounts of taxed income are rolling out.

Janet Wynne Evans

PLAY YOUR CARBS RIGHT
For those not on the GI diet, or who have at least mothballed it for Christmas, a bit of warm, crumbly pastry on arrival is an instant feel-good factor.

Squiffy Mushroom Bouchées
A magical mouthful given the simplicity of preparation and a match made in heaven with a fragrant chardonnay, though any full-bodied white will work here. Just fry some sliced chestnut mushrooms or any other kind you fancy, in some butter with a minced shallot and a splash each of dry vermouth and sherry, letting the liquid reduce until syrupy. Add some chopped parsley and a little truffle oil if you like. Spoon into ready-made vol-au-vent cases, add a blob of cream and bake until sizzling. You can also use short pastry tart shells if you prefer. Australia Felix with its cunning dash of viognier (£7.95, Buyers’ Everyday Whites) is a good bet here, as would be Faugères Blanc Cistus (£11.95) in Classic French Whites.

Designer Sausage Rolls
A good sausage roll made with prime British pork is delightful but they rarely are, so make your own, and why not use a few exotic bangers too. Slip your favourites out of their soft casings, season well, adding a few complimentary herbs or spices, and follow your favourite recipe. Select your wine according to the nationality of your sausage. For the true-blue Brit, I recommend the gentle fruit of Fiefs Vendéens (Buyers’ Everyday Reds); for a spicier version, a syrah-grenache blend like The Society’s Australian Shiraz (Buyer’s Everyday Reds) or The Liberator Trample Dance (£7.95, Buyers’ Premium Reds) or Ventabren (£11.95) in Classic French Reds); for the fennel seeds and garlic of a traditional Italian sausage, a regional match such as Alberello Salento Rosso in Buyers’ Everyday Reds. Tougher-skinned sausages like whole baby chorizos are also delicious wrapped in puff pastry and served with a good, mellow Rioja like Castillo de Vinas Crianza (£8.50) in Buyers’ Premium Reds.

Smoked salmon blinis
A fridge/store cupboard star. Heat the blinis as directed to wake them up. Top with curls of smoked salmon or eel, a little dab of cream and finish with a sprig of dill and/ or a bit of lumpfish roe. By all means wheel out your finest Oscietra caviar if you are feeling flush but it just won’t be as colourful. Serve with a tangy, minimalist Chablis that hasn’t been anywhere near a barrel. Chablis Saint Claire (£11.50) in Classic French Whites is well-nigh perfect.

CUPBOARD LOVE

Cold Cuts and Potted Mediterranean Vegetables
Was there ever such an easy, delicious appetiser? All you need is a large platter and the ability to open a few packets and jars and to drape artistically. My favourite combination, for diversity both of appearance and taste, is mottled fennel salami, dark, lean bresaola and deep pink-and-white Spanish jamón, dotted with green olives, quartered artichoke hearts and piquillo peppers. You’ll need an upstanding red or white for this, and there is plenty of choice, including Finca Tempranillo Crianza and Alberello Salento Rosso in the Buyers’ Everyday Reds selection.

WHAT HO ( HO! HO!) ON THE RIALTO
Saor
Inspired by Classic Italian Recipes by Anna del Conte

Saor

This impressive but easy sweet-and-sour fish starter or supperette is an authentic taste of Venice, where it’s traditionally made with sardines. Prepared well in advance and served at room temperature, it’s eminently practical and, with its glossy bay leaf garnish, beautiful to behold. Some of us with an out-of-control laurus nobilis, a reel of florist’s wire and too much time on their hands have even been known to garland the plat with laurel wreaths worthy of the Forum.

For four people, you’ll need 500g fillets of lemon sole, plaice or megrim. Choose large, meaty fillets if possible and cut them in half, or even half again if they are really big. Leave on the skin which will help keep the fillets intact. You can peel it away later if you wish.

Plump up a heaped tablespoon of sultanas in a little hot water. Toast a tablespoon of pine nuts in a dry pan. Fry a thinly sliced onion in a little oil with a pinch each of salt and brown sugar. When the onion is golden, add 125ml dry white wine and the same volume of white wine vinegar, and turn up the heat. When the liquid is reduced by half, lower the heat and simmer for 10 minutes. Drain the sultanas and add to the mixture along with the pine nuts. Set aside.

Shake some plain flour onto a board or plate and season with salt. Coat the fish fillets lightly and shake off the excess. Heat an inch or so of oil in a large frying pan or wok, add the fillets and fry for three minutes on one side and two on the other until done and golden. Drain each batch on kitchen paper and transfer to a platter. Once fillets have cooled a little, you can peel off the skin, which has done its job. It’s perfectly edible but the dark bits can look a bit unappealing.

Spoon over the saor and sprinkle with ¼ tsp ground cinnamon and a pinch each of ground coriander and powdered ginger. Finish with a tablespoon of peppercorns (perhaps a festive technicolor mix of black, white, pink and green – my idea, scusi, Anna) and festoon with as many fresh bay leaves as you like. Once the fish is completely cool, cover tightly with cling-film and refrigerate for at least 24 hours to let the flavours rock. You can leave it there for up to three days, but fridges are under pressure at Christmas, and I find that the job’s a good’un after a day. Remove from the fridge an hour before serving.

Wine Match: Saor demands a bit of sweetness in the wine. A fruity gewürz, demi-sec Vouvray or traditional German riesling would be lovely and some drier wines will work too. Try a white Rhône, or Saleta Moscatel-Sauvignon (£5.95) in the Buyers’ Everyday Whites mix. A Cape blend, adept at confronting exotic flavours could just about work too, for example, The Liberator Trample Dance (£7.95) in Buyers’ Everyday Reds.

Categories : Wine Without Fuss
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